Chapter 7 Social Class and Stratification

Chapter 7 Social Class and Stratification - Social Class...

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Social Class and Stratification – Chapter 7 1. What is Social Stratification? 1. Social Stratification – is the hierarchical arrangement of large social groups based on their control over basic resources. 2. Life Chances – (Max Weber) – extent to which individuals have access to important societal resources such as food, clothing, shelter, education, and health care. 2. Systems of Stratification: 1. Most important characteristics of systems of stratification are their flexibility. 2. Open system – boundaries between levels in the hierarchies are more flexible and may be influenced by people’s achieved statuses. – some degree of social mobility 3. Social Mobility – movement of individuals or groups from one level in a stratification system to another. 4. Intergenerational mobility – social movement experienced by family members from one generation to the next. 5. Intragenerational mobility - social movement of individuals within their own lifetime. 6. Closed system – boundaries between levels in hierarchies of social stratification are rigid. People’s positions are set by ascribed status. b. Slavery: 1. Slavery – an extreme form of stratification in which some people are owned by others. a. Closed system 2. Primary characteristics of Slavery: a. For life and inherited (children of slaves still slaves)
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b. Slaves considered property, not humans c. Slaves denied rights d. Coercion was used to keep slaves “in their place” c. The Caste System: 1. Caste System – is a system of social inequality in which people’s status is permanently determined at birth based on their parent’s ascribed characteristics. 2. In India, Caste is based in part on occupation. In Africa, on race. 3. In a caste system, marriage is endogamous, meaning that people are allowed to mary only within their own group. 4. Cultural beliefs and values sustain caste systems. d. Class System 1. Class system – is a type of stratification based on the ownership and control of resources and on the type of work people do. 2. More open than a caste system because boundaries between classes are less distinct. 3. Status comes at least partly through achievement rather than entirely by ascription. 4.
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Chapter 7 Social Class and Stratification - Social Class...

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