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ch3_part2 - Socialization Outline Social Class...

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Socialization: Outline Social Class socialization Parent’s social class Gender Socialization Sex vs. gender Gender and the Family Gender and Peer Groups Gender and Mass Media Agents of Socialization The family School Peer groups Mass media The Life Course Childhood Adolescence Rites of Passage Transitional Adulthood markers of the transition to adulthood Middle Adulthood Early middle years Later middle years Old Age Early older years Later Older years
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Socialization by Class Melvin Kohn argued that a parent’s social class , in terms of middle class or working class influences the values that parents instill in their children anticipatory socialization --the process by which knowledge and skills are learned for future roles there are differences in the jobs typically held by a working class parent compared to a middle class parent working class parents tend to be somewhat more authoritarian with their children demanding respect and obedience Middle class parents were found to allow much more lenience with their children and were more likely to emphasize independence, autonomy and creativity
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Socialization by Class educational and occupational experiences of the parents working class parents tend to have less education and they are concentrated in jobs offering little autonomy and close supervision middle class parents tend to have more education and they are more likely to have jobs that involve more independence these factors influence the way parents socialize their children and in some respects prepares their children for a certain type of job when they grow-up
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Socialization by Gender Gender Socialization-- the ways in which society sets children into different courses in life because they are male or female distinction between sex and gender : Sex refers to the actual biological traits of men and women; the physical qualities that make a man a man and a woman a women Gender on the other hand refers to the roles associated with masculinity and femininity
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Gender and the Family The family is one of the primary ways that we learn gender The way we dress infants (pink vs. blue) The way we refer to children (delicate vs.
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