19-20 Giulia Ambiveri Criminology Unit 6 Text Questions .rtf - UNIT SIX Criminology Text Questions Review Questions 1 Identify and discuss two different

19-20 Giulia Ambiveri Criminology Unit 6 Text Questions...

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UNIT SIX: Criminology Text Questions Review Questions 1. Identify and discuss two different goals that the criminal justice system has. The two different goals that the criminal justice has are to prevent crime and reform the offenders. The first aim is to prevent crime from happening in the first place with the use of general deterrence in hopes that before committing people will weigh the pros and cons of the action. The second aim is to reform the offenders by changing the stimuli that caused them to commit a crime in order to ensure that they become productive, law-abiding members of society. 2. What are two different types of deterrence? Describe each type. Two types of deterrence are general and specific. General deterrence is the thought that if people saw how other criminals are treated they won't want to commit a crime. Specific deterrence is when criminals punished harshly will not repeat the same crime. 3. Why are victims considered the first “gatekeepers” of the criminal justice system? Victims are considered "gatekeepers" because they are the first to decide if there is a crime.
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