Artificial Intelligence_2010

Artificial Intelligence_2010 - Artificial Intelligence When...

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Artificial Intelligence When someone talks about Artificial Intelligence, the first things that come to mind are robots and emotional machines. Artificial intelligence (AI) is the part of computer science that is concerned with programming computers to show intelligent behavior. In today's world almost everyone uses a computer for one reason or another. Due to this increased use there is a big demand for more intelligent, more dependable programs to run the computers. AI work began in the 1950's when researchers wanted to use computers to replicate how humans think. This new area rapidly took off, but was difficult due to the lack of ability to produce anything that resembled human intelligence. Many people were skeptical in the early years of AI about the possibility of computers to "think". The only reason the failures happened in the 50’s and 60’s was because of limited technology available at the time. But because of the past mistakes and new technologies, the possibility of AI has led to many advances in the field. Scientists and theorists continue to debate if computers will actually be able to think for themselves at one point. The theory of AI that is being accepted is that computers will and do more thinking in the future. AI has grown quickly in the last ten years mainly because of the advances in computer design. “The term artificial intelligence was actually coined in 1956 by a group of scientists having their first meeting on the topic” (Patterson). In the beginning, the attempts at AI were modeled after the human brain. The success rate was very little because of the lack of computer
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technology needed to calculate such large equations. AI has several methods that could be used to implement. The popular implementations include neural networks, fuzzy logic, chaos engineering, knowledge based systems, and expert systems. Using any of the design structures requires a specialized computer system. For example, “Anderson Consulting applies a knowledge based system to commercial loan officers using multimedia” (Hedburg). Due to multimedia usage their system requires a fast computer. Other systems may require even more powerful computers or workstations. Moreover, the software would need to be unique because it would be a big program. Since there are only some programs that are pre-written using AI, every company has to write its own software for the solution to the problem. The best way to get around this problem is to design an add-on. The company FuziWare makes many programs that operate as an addition to a larger program. To measure the intelligence that is being used, we must to be able to distinguish that AI is present. “For a relative scale of reference, large supercomputers can only create a brain the size of a fly” (Butler and Caudill). Once it has been put to work it is amazing what a computer can do with that type of intelligence. Any financial profession, business, or scientist can really benefit from AI. These fields will be
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This note was uploaded on 03/28/2010 for the course CIS 120 taught by Professor Muldrow during the Spring '03 term at DeVry Long Beach.

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Artificial Intelligence_2010 - Artificial Intelligence When...

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