Philosophical Views Comparison

Philosophical Views - Philosophical Views Comparison The Views of Three Great Thinkers C lick to edit M aster subtitle style Nicole Bohanon Axia

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Unformatted text preview: 3/29/10 Philosophical Views Comparison: The Views of Three Great Thinkers C lick to edit M aster subtitle style Nicole Bohanon Axia College of the University of Phoenix 3/29/10 A r istotle • • • • • Matter is without shape or form or purpose. It is just “stuff.” pure potential, no actuality. Essence is what provides the shape or form or purpose to matter. Essence is perfect and complete, but it has no substance or solidity. The ideal is found inside the phenomena, the universals inside the particulars Three kinds of souls A plant soul, the essence of which is nutrition An animal soul, which contains the basic sensations, desire, pain and pleasure, and the ability to cause motion 3/29/10 Plato Ideas are available to us through thought, while phenomena are available to us through our senses Idealistic and rationalistic Phenomena, a manifestation of the ideal The body is material, mortal, and “moved” 3/29/10 Socrates Reincarnation of an eternal soul which contained all knowledge. People lose touch with knowledge at birth we need to be reminded of what we know. Ethics is no longer a matter of surveying M aster subtitle style C lick to edit the gods or scripture for what is good or bad, but rather thinking about life. Individual conscience is placed above the law Only one god behind the variety of 3/29/10 C onclusion ...
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This note was uploaded on 03/28/2010 for the course XEOC 212 taught by Professor Ripley during the Spring '10 term at University of Phoenix.

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Philosophical Views - Philosophical Views Comparison The Views of Three Great Thinkers C lick to edit M aster subtitle style Nicole Bohanon Axia

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