Lecture 27 - U.S. Food Regulations Linda J. Harris Food...

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FST 104, March 2010, Linda J. Harris, Ph.D. 1 U.S. Food Regulations Linda J. Harris Food Science and Technology University of California, Davis Course handouts Legal Considerations and Food Safety Programs Page 140 Section B and D Highly outdated. Refer to lecture. Major changes in past decade Food safety bills under consideration NOW House and Senate Bi-partisan agreement Passing new food safety regulations expected 2010 Government Regulation of Food Objectives Ensure safety and wholesomeness of food Prevent economic fraud or deception Inform consumers about food nutritional content Rationale Protect and educate consumers Set high standards for food industry Protect food industry from unethical competition
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FST 104, March 2010, Linda J. Harris, Ph.D. 2 Federal Government Regulation of Food Food & Drug Administration (FDA) Most foods U.S. Dept of Agriculture (USDA) Meat and poultry products (most) Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms Alcoholic beverages Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Pesticide safety (including sanitizers) Water safety and wastewater treatment Federal Government Regulation of Food Food & Drug Administration (FDA) Most foods Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Pesticide safety (including sanitizers) Water safety and wastewater treatment Long-term discussion to establish a single food agency. Does not seem likely in near term. State Government Regulation of Food CA Department of Health Services Food and Drug Branch (CA DHS FDB) Most foods, bottled water CA Department of Food and Agriculture Some meat and poultry products Fluid milk and dairy products Leafy greens marketing agreement CA Environmental Protection Agency (Cal EPA) Pesticide safety (use also controlled at county level) Water safety and wastewater treatment
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FST 104, March 2010, Linda J. Harris, Ph.D. 3 County Regulation of Food County Department of Environmental Health (in California) Food Code (Retail and Restaurant) 2005 FDA Food Code (2007 supplement) guidance to states California Cal Code (state regulation) Enforced at the county level Agriculture Commissioners Pesticide use Federal Food, Drug & Cosmetic Act (’38) Food is adulterated if it: contains poisons or harmful substances contains filth or is decomposed was prepared under unsanitary conditions was derived from a diseased animal was subjected to radiation, other than permitted has any valuable component omitted has a specified ingredient substituted has a concealed defect is increased in bulk weight or reduced in strength making it appear better that it is contains an unapproved coloring agent Federal Food, Drug & Cosmetic Act (’38) Food is misbranded if it: is falsely labeled goes by the name of another food is an imitation of another food, unless it is so labeled is misrepresented as to identity, quality or fill
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This note was uploaded on 03/29/2010 for the course FST FST 104 taught by Professor Carold'lima during the Winter '10 term at UC Davis.

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Lecture 27 - U.S. Food Regulations Linda J. Harris Food...

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