mid oktober - KONFLIKTEORIE IN N GEPOLARISEERDE WRELD: DIE...

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COLIN MURRAY OOR SOSIALE REPRODUKSIE IN DIE PERIFERIE COLIN MURRAY ON SOCIAL REPRODUCTION IN THE PERIPHERY KONFLIKTEORIE IN ‘N GEPOLARISEERDE WÊRELD: DIE NEO-MARXISME CONFLICT THEORY IN A POLARISED WORLD: NEO-MARXISM
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“A social position is never solely created by theatrical notions; it owes more to the inescapable pressure of facts, the give and take of daily life” (Eileen Power)
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Die punt van die hoofstuk? The point of the chapter? Politieke ekonomie van kultuur Political economy of culture Produksie en reproduksie in armoede, onderontwikkeling Production and reproduction in poverty, underdevelopment Rituele mistifiseer die rol van vroue Rituals mystify the role of women
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Karl Marx + Frederick Engels, London 1867 Marx 1818-1883 Engels 1820-1895
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Neo-Marxisme bou voort op Marxisme: Neo-Marxism builds on Marxism: Konteks van postkolonialisme, 1968 Context of post-colonialism, 1968 Strukturele Neo-Marxisme, politieke ekonomie Structural Neo-Marxism, political economy Klas, produksie, arbeid, ongelykheid, uitbuiting, armoede, mistifikasie Pas dit aan by nie-industriële samelewings Class, production, labour,inequality, exploitation, poverty, mystification Adapts it to non-industrial societies
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Terminologie Terminology: Ossilerende migrante (trekarbeiders) Oscilating migrants (migrant labourers) Reproduksie = versorging, vervanging Reproduction = caring, replacing Periferie = buite die kern, uitgebuite gebied (swart landelike gebiede, Lesotho, ens.) Periphery = outside the core, exploited area (black rural areas, Lesotho, etc.)
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“… The theoretical challenge posed by the ethnography of work in Lesotho is therefore the need to integrate custom into political economy.” “… the logic of their contemporary situation is not derivative from capitalism in the abstract but is derivative from the particular historical conditions under which Basotho have been incorporated, together with their distinctive culture and their relative political autonomy, into the system of racial and class oppression in South Africa.” “The anthropological method is indispensable to this endeavour. It requires surveys of household composition and detailed observation of transactions within and between households over time. … 73 households, … 50 men were on mining contracts …”
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Fokus op impak van trekarbeid uit Lesotho Focus: impact of migrant labour from Lesotho 70% van inkomste uit trekarbeid, maar slegs 6% uit landbou 70% of income from migrant labour, but only 6% from agriculture “a rural proletariat which scratches about on the land”… “an impoverished labour reserve” Stallard Commission 1921 (p.341) Beperkings op vroue: toegang tot arbeid, lone 70% huishoudings effektief onder vroue Restrictions on women: access to labour, wages 70% of households effectively under women Bestaansloon geregverdig deur landelike inkomste, ontken onbetaalde werk, mans benodig vroue om landelike huis te behou Subsistence wage justified by rural income, ignore unpaid work, men need women to maintain rural homes
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This note was uploaded on 03/29/2010 for the course ANTHRO 242 taught by Professor Vdwaal during the Spring '09 term at Stellenbosch University-South Africa.

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mid oktober - KONFLIKTEORIE IN N GEPOLARISEERDE WRELD: DIE...

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