FiveStar - • Levels out the two extremes at the...

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Rules of Categorization 1. Conjunctive Rule (and) If ________ and ________ then ________. 2. Disjunctive Rule (or) If ________ or _________ then ________. *doesn’t work well with real-world categories. Heirarchical Organization of Categories (natural; Rosch) 1. Superordinate —highest and most general level. 2. Basic —types of…. 3. Subordinate —types of basic types. Rosch Study Presented category and asked at each level, how many attributes do each have in common? Supports the notion that differentiation occurs most often at the basic level. Basic Level Categorization First one learned and where differentiation occurs. How much members of a category share attributes with one another and have different attributes than different categories.
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Unformatted text preview: • Levels out the two extremes: at the superordinate level, few attributes are shared, whereas in the subordinate level, too may attributes are shared. Rosch Category-Rating Study • Apple = 1.08 • Raisin = 3.42 which is the better fruit? • Because of typicality —how well members of a category represent a category • Hints at the idea of prototypes or prototypical categorizations Prototype Approach Prototypes; one representation. • We use mainly prototype, but it’s likely that at times we use both. • Prototypes can vary based on experience in a field. Typicality How well members of a category represent a category. Exemplar Approach Different features/feature analysis...
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This note was uploaded on 03/29/2010 for the course PSY 316 taught by Professor Harmon during the Spring '10 term at Providence College.

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FiveStar - • Levels out the two extremes at the...

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