Cognitive Psych Index Cards

Cognitive Psych Index Cards - Posner & Keele...

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Unformatted text preview: Posner & Keele (1968) Intended to investigate prototypes Two phases: learning and testing phase RT and error rate being measured Schemavery accurate in classifying Classify prototypes as fast as old distortions. Even though they never studied it, still knew where to classify it. Argue that this is because participants generated some kind of prototype. Learning Phase Participants learn to classify distorted dot patterns. The original was the prototype which was never presented in this phase. Testing Phase Classify unrelated distortions, old distortions, novel distortions and prototypes. Solso & McCarthy (1981) Similar, only in this experiment, faces were used. Also suggests the use of prototypes Network Models (Organization of Semantic Memory) Information is represented through a network. Early theory. Direction of arrow is important. Basic Assumptions of Network Models: 1. Searching memory is the same as searching nodes *conceptual 2. Search moves in the direction of the arrows 3. When a node is accessed, the information is read out 4. The nature of associations constrains the extent of the scope or search Collins & Quillian Proposed one of the 1 st network models Teacher-Language Comprehender (TLC)...
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Cognitive Psych Index Cards - Posner & Keele...

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