chemistrynaming[1]

chemistrynaming[1] - Nomenclature Rules Binary Molecular...

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Nomenclature Rules Binary Molecular Compounds 2 nonmetals Naming: add prefixes to the beginning of the names indicating the # of atoms of each element (leave off mono- before first element) Name of the 1 st element Name of the 2 nd element ending in –ide Ex. Nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ) and dinitrogen monoxide (N 2 O) Binary Ionic Compounds a metal cation and a nonmetal anion Naming: no prefixes, determine number of atoms based on balancing the charges Name of cation Name of the anion ending in –ide Ex. Sodium chloride (NaCl) and sodium sulfide (Na 2 S) Binary Compounds of Transition Metals a transition metal (varying charges) and a nonmetal Naming: no prefixes, # of atoms based on charges; indicate charge of metal in parentheses Name of transition metal (charge of t. metal in Roman Numerals) Name of nonmetal ending in –ide Ex. Copper (II) chloride (CuCl 2 ) and copper (I) chloride (CuCl) Also in the book, another way to name -ous and –ic (lower charge end in –ous, higher
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chemistrynaming[1] - Nomenclature Rules Binary Molecular...

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