Lecture 6.1307

Lecture 6.1307 - REVOLUTIONS IN THOUGHT AND BELIEF IN THE 16TH 17TH CENTURIES Focus The Scientific Revolution Introduction 1 This intellectual

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REVOLUTIONS IN THOUGHT AND BELIEF IN THE 16 TH TH CENTURIES Focus: The Scientific Revolution Introduction 1. This intellectual revolution is based on a growing desire to acquire more knowledge - The natural world is one area which is investigated - Hence ‘natural philosophy’: ‘science’ is a term invented by the English 2. The Challenges: Is it possible to disagree with fondly-held theories? Must one submit to ‘ordained’ authority? 3. Historiographical questions: Why does the Scientific Revolution not occur in China? Is the idea of a ‘scientific revolution’ an exaggeration? THE DEBATE OVER THE NATURE OF THE UNIVERSE Nicolaus Copernicus 1473-1543 1. On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres 1543 - Attempted to eliminate the difficulties of the Ptolemaic system - Awkwardness of predicting planetary movements (if Earth at center of universe) 2. Book is dedicated to Pope Paul III - Starts a Bible vs. natural philosophy (science) dispute - Luther calls him a “fool”; Calvin: “Is Copernicus above the Holy Spirit?” - 1616: Catholic Church calls Copernican theory a heresy
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This note was uploaded on 03/29/2010 for the course HIS 1307 taught by Professor Gawrich during the Spring '08 term at Baylor.

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Lecture 6.1307 - REVOLUTIONS IN THOUGHT AND BELIEF IN THE 16TH 17TH CENTURIES Focus The Scientific Revolution Introduction 1 This intellectual

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