Lecture 7.1307

Lecture 7.1307 - POLITICAL CHANGE AND NEW IDEAS ABOUT...

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POLITICAL CHANGE AND NEW IDEAS ABOUT GOVERNMENT IN THE SIXTEENTH AND SEVENTEENTH CENTURIES Introduction: Beginnings 1. The development of the idea of ‘the State’ – a non-personal governing entity - Run by experts in administration - Doesn’t need a person (monarch, emperor) in order to function well - Divided into governable sub-entities 2. The idea of ‘society’ (but it isn’t ‘modern’ yet) - The professions, trades, and merchants - The courts of powerful aristocrats and government officials - The social orders: monarch, nobility, clergy, merchant classes, peasantry - Religious groups: monastic (regular clergy), secular clergy, higher clergy 3. Idea of representative government (but not democratic) - The ruler is obligated to the people he or she rules - May even have these obligations written down in laws 4. The idea of empire as a political entity and not a personal or family kingdom - An entity which may require the suppression of cultural differences - For the security of the empire
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Lecture 7.1307 - POLITICAL CHANGE AND NEW IDEAS ABOUT...

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