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Lecs 4-5 - ‘dubious’ Lexical units(following Blevins...

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Lexical units (following Blevins 2007) Lexeme (or lexical item): An abstract lexical construct, i.e., it is in some ways analagous to the abstract construct phoneme in the sense that both are convenient ways to talk about what unifies a set of wordforms or a set of actually pronounced sounds. For example, the actual word books is the plural form of the lexeme BOOK and ate is the past tense form of the lexeme EAT .
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Lexical units (following Blevins 2007) Root (or radical form): A basic, unanalyzable form of a lexeme. frag- is the root of the German verb FRAGEN ‘ask’, underlying finite forms such as frag-st ‘ask.2sg’, nonfinite forms such as frag-en ‘to ask’ and even derived adjectives such as frag-lich
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Unformatted text preview: ‘dubious’. Lexical units (following Blevins 2007) Stem: a lexical form that is larger than a root and that, like a root, underlies a set of word forms. So, the German ‘stem’, fragte- is based on the rooo frag- and serves as a base for the wordforms in the past tense paradigm. For example, fragte-st ‘2sg’, fragte ‘3sg’, fragte-n ‘1pl’, fragte-t ‘2pl’. .. Lexical units (following Blevins 2007) Word (or word form): A ‘free’ (morphologically independent) form of a lexeme. So, all of the inFected forms fragte-st ‘2sg’, fragte ‘3sg’, fragte-n ‘1pl’, fragte-t ‘2pl’. .. are words, since they can occur as independent elements in syntax....
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