Lec 9-10

Lec 9-10 - Derivation Basic derivational operations A...

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Derivation Basic derivational operations A taxonomy of typical lexeme-formation operations Productivity What does it mean to be a productive word-formation operation? How does one calculate productivity? Order of afFxes Are there tendencies for afFxes with certain meanings to be ordered relative to one another?
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3 main types of morphological relations Infection, derivation, and compounding Infectional morphology modiFes properties o± LEXEMES , while maintaining the basic meaning o± the LEXEME . mor-ikse ľ -i- ń mor-ikse ľ -i- ť sing- DES - PAST -1 SG sing- DES - PAST -2 SG `I wanted to sing’ `you wanted to sing’ (Erzya Mordvin)
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3 main types of morphological relations Infection, derivation, and compounding Derivation relates lexemes in a word Family e a-ms V e a-ma N live- IN± live- NR = `liFe’ (Erzya Mordvin) Compounding combines LEXEMES repül- ő -gép-gyart-ás (Hungarian) fy-er-machine-produce- NR `airplane production’
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Prototypical differences between inFection and derivation Derivation Infection 1. Encodes lexical meaning Encodes grammatical meaning 2. Not syntactically relevant Syntactically relevant 3. Occurs close to the root
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Lec 9-10 - Derivation Basic derivational operations A...

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