FINAL - T he methods used by interest groups to in fluence...

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The methods used by interest groups to influence public policy Persuasion, Litigation, Rulemaking Lobbying – not used until mid-nineteenth century in the USA To Congress, the most important thing Lobbyists do is provide money for their next reelection campaign (they also provide volunteers). Provide information of two important types: o Political – who supports or opposes legislation, including the executive branch and how strongly they feel about it. o Substantive – the impact of proposed laws, may not be available from any other source. Election activities Publicity, Mass Media and the Internet Television, radio, Internet, newspapers, leaflets, signs, direct mail, word of mouth Organized labor – shop stewards, mail, phone calls and personal contact Internet: 1. Organizing rallies, marches, letter-writing drives and other civic participation. 2. Opens new, exclusively online forms of political action, such as mass emails, posting videos, joining Facebook groups, donating money, commenting on articles and blogging. Mass Mailing Direct Contact with the Government Federal Register Litigation Protest Support of Candidates Contributions to Campaigns New Political Parties Cooperative Lobbying Please note that men generally tend to vote Republican in recent elections with the exception of 2006 midterm and 2008 presidential elections Only appreciate that caucus meetings and presidential primaries are the "vehicle" by which delegates are actually chosen to go to the National Presidential Convention. Review how much individuals can contribute in an election: $2000 per election PAC's can contribute $5000 per election Today individuals can only contribute up to $2000 per election (this amount will increase with inflation). Originally, individuals could only contribute $1000, but Congress raised the individual
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contribution level with the passage of the McCain-Feingold bill now known as the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act 2002 . Corporate, labor union, and other interest group PAC's can only contribute up to $5000 per election under the 1974 Amendments to the Federal Election Campaign Act. The McCain- Feingold bill did not change the amount for interest group PAC's. Political culture – the widely shared beliefs, values and norms about how citizens relate to government and to one another. Suffrage – the right to vote. Social capital – democratic and civic habits of discussion, compromise, and respect for differences, which grow out of participation in voluntary organizations. Natural rights – the rights of all people to dignity and worth; also called human rights. Democratic consensus – widespread agreement on fundamental principles of democratic governance and the values that undergird them. Majority rule
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FINAL - T he methods used by interest groups to in fluence...

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