Crusades

Crusades - Crusades Introduction First Crusade, 1095-1099 o...

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Crusades Introduction First Crusade, 1095-1099 o Situation o Pope Urban II o People’s Crusade o Knights’ Crusade o Crusader States Other Crusades Results A grand effort to take the Holy Land from the Muslims and restore it to Christianity The Church militant--- the Church that makes war First Crusade Situation The Turks o From central Asia--- come into India--- some head towards Iran but they convert to Islam and become Muslims o They overran the old Muslim areas o Asian, Muslim o Less tolerant toward Christians than the Arabs When the Arabs ruled Palestine, they didn’t interfere with people of the book They were fairly tolerant In the 11 th century, there is a quieting down of violence in the west There’s more pilgrimages being taken by Christians
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The Arabs were fine with this When the Turks took over this area they were much less tolerant of Christians They would kill them or capture them and put them into slavery o They put pressure on the Byzantine Empire Battle of Manzikert, 1071. Turks defeated armies of Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) o Turks continued west and basically took over Asia Minor In 1095, the Byzantine Emperor, Alexius Comnenus, appealed to the Pope for help--- to organize Christian warriors to come and help fight the Turks
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Crusades - Crusades Introduction First Crusade, 1095-1099 o...

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