Christianity - Christianity Part I Int roduction AD(anno...

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Christianity Part I Introduction AD (anno Domini) began with the birth of Jesus (CE or :Common Era is often used) By law Christianity became the only legal religion in the west for the Roman Empire 395A AD Arguably the most important roman influence New testament was written in Greek and the language of the western church was Latin Fits well with Judaic Assumption that God works through humans Roman Religions Roman religion was derived from Greek religion. Took old gods and put them with Greek gods The roman religion closely associated with patriotism and roman power Recognized emperor existed as a god, did not think these had extra powers just showed patriotism/loyalty to state Developed Imperial Cult in empire o Personification of female goddess displayed in festivals to show patriotism Spiritual needs couldn’t be satisfied through roman religion so they began searching for new religions Mystery Religions Mystery- a ceremony that is presented to believers; become a believer through initiation Reflects spiritual yearning of the Romans
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Cult of Isis (Egyptian) o Sarapis (husband)- came before him in Last Judgment o Horus (son) o Had to be baptized (with water from Nile) o Ritual murder of Sarapis- for 3 days, believers mourn; on the 3 rd day, Sarapis rose from the dead o Expensive to advance from one level to the next (ex. Priesthood was
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