digestive system - Structure & Function of the Human...

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a. salivary glands - glands located in the mouth that produce saliva. Saliva contains enzymes that break down carbohydrates (starch) into smaller molecules. b. oral cavity - opening or hollow part of the mouth through which food is taken in. c. pharynx - facilitate the passage of the food bolus into the esophagus; common channel that conducts both air and food. d. esophagus - the long tube between the mouth and the stomach. It uses rhythmic muscle movements (called peristalsis) to force food from the throat into the stomach. e. stomach - a sack-like, muscular organ that is attached to the esophagus. Both chemical and mechanical digestion takes place in the stomach. When food enters the stomach, it is churned in a bath of acids and enzymes. f. small intestine - the long, thin winding tube that food goes through after it leaves the stomach. g. large intestine ( colon )- the long, wide tube that food goes through after it goes through the small intestine. h.
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digestive system - Structure & Function of the Human...

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