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Unformatted text preview: Abnormal Psychology Midterm Review This list is not exhaustive and material in the textbook that is not included below may still be included on the exam. Ch 1 Abnormality “The Four D’s”: deviant, distressing, dysfunctional, and dangerous. What is Treatment - to help change abnormal behavior into more normal behavior. Therapy is special, systematic processes for helping people overcome their psychological difficulties. It may differ from problem to problem and therapist to therapist, but it typically includes a patient, a therapist, and a series of professional contacts. Ancient Views and Treatments: Included trephination and exorcism. Greek and Roman Views and Treatments: believed in balancing humors. Europe in the Middle Ages: demonology returns: believed was caused by evil. The Renaissance and the rise of Asylums: believed mental illness was due to illness in the body, converted monasteries and hospitals into asylums, became like prisons due to overcrowding. Nineteenth Century: Reform and Moral Treatment: at first moral treatment grew popular throughout Europe and America, but by the 1850’s, poor treatment had returned. The Early Twentieth Century: the somatogenic and psychogenic perspective, increased attention and understanding to the physical and psychological reasons for abnormal psychology. Norms- A society’s stated and unstated rules for proper conduct. Deviance- Abnormal psychological functioning is deviant. In short, abnormal behavior, thoughts, and emotions, are those that differ markedly from a society’s ideas about proper functioning. Culture A people’s common history, values, institutions, habits, skills, technology, and arts. Distress Even functioning that is considered unusual does not necessarily qualify as abnormal. According to many clinical theorists, behavior. Ideas, or emotions usually have to cause distress before they can be labeled abnormal. Dysfunction- abnormal behavior tends to be dysfunctional; that is, it interferes with daily functioning. Danger- Perhaps the ultimate in psychological dysfunctioning is behavior that becomes dangerous to oneself or other. Individuals whose behavior is consistently careless. Hostile, or confused may be placing themselves or those around them at risk. Trephination - An ancient operation in which a stone instrument was used to cut away a circular section of the skull, perhaps to treat abnormal behavior. Exorcism -The practice in early societies of treating abnormality by coaxing evil spirits to leave the person’s body. Humors-According to Greek and Roman physicians, bodily chemicals that influence mental and physical functioning. Asylum-Institutions whose primary purpose was to care for people with mental illness....
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