CHAPTER 2 outline - CHAPTER2 % % OutlineofHebrewHistory %

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CHAPTER 2 % % Outline of Hebrew History % The Hebrews originated in Mesopotamia and migrated to Canaan % Some Hebrews journeyed to Egypt and became forced laborers % In the early thirteenth century, Moses led the Hebrews in the Exodus  from Egypt % Wandering in Sinai, the Hebrews were uplifted by belief in one God,  Yahweh % The Israelite Kingdom % Wandering Israelites returned to Canaan and joined other Hebrew tribes % Israelites were loosely organized into a confederation of 12 tribes under  Yahweh % Philistines invade in late eleventh century and dominate Israelite territory % 12 tribes unite under leadership of Saul, their first king % Second king, David, was a warrior and poet who helped Israelites fight  Philistines % Under David’s son, Solomon, trade and construction flourished % Jerusalem becomes the trade and religious center of ancient Israel % Israelite culture flowers under Solomon, height of its power and  prosperity % Due to tax policies and territorial rivalries, kingdom divided in 922 B.C. % Kingdom of Judah (south) % Kingdom of Israel (north) % Conquest, Captivity, and Restoration % 722 B.C. Israel falls to the Assyrians % Assyrians deport Hebrews to other parts of the empire, where they  merge and assimilate (10 lost tribes) % 586 B.C. Chaldeans conquer Judah, destroy Solomon’s temple, and  deport Hebrews % The deportation of thousands of Hebrews to Babylon is known as the  Babylonian Captivity
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% Darkest moment in ancient Hebrew history seen as the consequence of  violating God’s laws % Some Hebrews do not assimilate in Babylon, keep to Yahweh and Law of  Moses % Priests create the Torah by codifying laws/practices to prevent erosion of  faith % 538 B.C. Persian King Cyrus permits exiles to return to Judah and rebuild  temple % Majority of Hebrews stay in Babylon, but some return home % 515 B.C. the Hebrews, now called Jews, dedicate second temple at  Jerusalem % Restored Jewish community overcomes internal tensions and spiritual 
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2010 for the course PSYCHOLOGY psy1000 taught by Professor Cico during the Fall '09 term at Brevard Community College.

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CHAPTER 2 outline - CHAPTER2 % % OutlineofHebrewHistory %

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