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hw #4 - Ellen will probably leave Joe 3 Three motives...

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Homework #4 Social Psychology November 1, 2007 1. One example of a research finding is Theodore Newcomb’s experiment in 1961. He randomly assigned male roommates to dormitories at the University of Michigan. He found that men with similarities became friends, such as demographic, attitude, or value similarities. Three reasons why we like people with similar characteristics and beliefs as our own: similar opinions and personality, interpersonal style, and interests and experiences. 2. If Ellen compares her costs to her rewards in the relationship, her costs would be higher, resulting in a low satisfaction with the relationship. (He hits her and leaves her to take care of the kids). Also, because they don’t know anybody in town yet, not as much personal integrity will be lost, as nobody will be pointing fingers. Therefore,
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Unformatted text preview: Ellen will probably leave Joe. 3. Three motives people have for helping others prosocialy include: Kin selection, the norm of reciprocity, and the ability to learn and follow social norms. 4. The social exchange theory of helping states that humans want to maximize rewards and minimize costs. Therefore, we only help when it is in our best self-interest to do so. (Whether it be to make us feel better, or to look better in front of others) On the other hand, Batson’s empathy-altruism hypothesis states that under conditions where we feel empathy, we will help another person in an act of true altruism. The relationship between these two things is that they are both motives for prosocial behavior, but one involves self-gain, while the other does not....
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