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ch 9 notes - Chapter 9 Theories of Social Development I...

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March 31, 2008 Chapter 9: Theories of Social Development I. PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORIES (Freud & Erikson) A. Overview for both i. interaction of nature & nurture (development largely driven by biological maturation) ii. discontinuous, but individual diff are continuous. (child’s early experience really affects development) iii. Freud: behavior driven by need to satisfy basic drives; Erikson: development driven by a series of developmental crises that need to be resolved. B. FREUD’s Theory of Psychosexual Development i. Neurological symptoms with no physical cause were bc of unconscious feelings of guilt or anxiety ii. Children pass through stages where psychic energy (biologically based instinctual drives that fuel behavior, thoughts, feelings) becomes focused in different erogenous zones (areas of body that are erotically sensitive). 1. there’s conflict at each stage and it must be resolved, or development is affected iii. Stages 1. Oral Stage —pleasure through oral activity (eating, sucking) Age 1 A. Conflict: Mother is a source of security, but fears loss of love. 1 year old.
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