Ch 16 conclusions - Child Psychology Chapter 16...

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Child Psychology Chapter 16: Conclusions (Conceptual Framework Revisited) I. THEME 1: NATURE AND NURTURE. All interactions, all the time. A. Before birth, nature and nurture interact. i. Proof: teratogens, fetal learning (taste mother’s diet, prefer mothers voice in the world bc they heard it in the womb) B. Baby’s nature elicits nurture i. their emotional expressions, cuteness, attention to things C. Timing matters i. Timing of exposure to teratogens, sensitive periods to perceptual, auditory, grammatical, etc. Also, social, emotional, intellectual development. D. Nature doesn’t reveal itself all at once i. Ex: puberty, nearsightedness, children born with certain type of brain damage (IQ is normal at first, then falls later), schizophrenia (inherited gene, but develops later) E. Everything influences everything i. Ex: self esteem influenced by genes (codes for attractiveness, athletic talent, etc) and family, society, etc. II. THEME 2: CHILDREN PLAY ACTIVE ROLES IN THEIR OWN DEVELOPMENT A. Self initiated activity—physically interact with the environment i. Active fetuses (move, breath movements for lungs), preferential looking, walking, talking, social activity/antisocial, friends B. Active interpretation of experience—kids try to understand their world i. Become surprised when impossible things happen, interpretation of their failure C. Self regulation—regulate their behavior i. Regulate emotions (turn away from scary things, talk about it) D. Eliciting reactions from other people III. THEME 3: DEVELOPMENT IS BOTH CONTINUOUS AND DISCONTINUOUS A. Continuity/discontinuity of individual differences—do better kids continue to be better? i. IQ, social/personality characteristics(shyness, aggressiveness) 1. intellect more continuous than other characteristics ii. Stability of environment influences stability of individual differences (so,
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nature and nurture) B. Continuity/Discontinuity of overall development: the question of stages i. Stage theories: Piaget’s and cognitive development, Freud and psychosexual, Erikson and psychosocial, Kohlberg and moral. ii.
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Ch 16 conclusions - Child Psychology Chapter 16...

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