13_shukudai_Jan26 - 日本語...

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Unformatted text preview: 日本語 5     

  宿題 十三  
2010 年 1 月 26 日(月) か 教科書 じゅんび 1. Write your guesses of the meanings of these そうだん phrases: a. 社長が市長に相談する b. 電話で長話をする ち 1. Learn the new and review vocabulary in the 準備 (Making Preparations) section on p. 235. Also, learn these phrases using this vocabulary.  パーティに友達を招待する   invites a friend to the party  招待 状を出す sends an invitation  誕生パーティの準備をする   makes preparations for the birthday party  同窓会の会 場   place where the class reunion is held そうだん そう じょう たん じゅんび じょう     c. 長持ちの電池 (電池 = battery) 忙 Since 忄 is the form 心 ("heart, mind, state of mind") takes as a left-side part in kanji, 忙 (busy) has the same parts as 忘 "forgets." 2. Explain how the parts in 忙 combine to suggest the meaning busy. 3. How will you remember that 忙 means busy and 忘 "forgets"?  先生に相談する consults the teacher せき そうだん  先生に成績のことを相談する   consults the teacher about grades 2. Write answers to #2 and 3 in Ex. D (p. 235-6). 3. Study Language II (pp. 247-250) to get an understanding of two quite different ways to indicate purposeful actions: ため and ∼ておく. 4. Write answers to these questions: a. 何のために大学で勉強しているんですか。 b. 月曜日の日本語の授業の前に何をしておきます か。   5. Learn the verbs in the rst 7 rows (both columns) in the table 自動詞と他動詞 on p. 236. In class, we will call these 2 types of verbs が verbs and を verbs. Study the meanings of the verbs in the rst 7 rows and be able to explain in class (in English) the main difference in meaning between these 2 types of verbs. 召 The 口 in 召 really does come from a picture of a mouth (unlike 違, 同, 吉 and some other recent kanji). The top part 刀 in 召 is identical to the kanji meaning "sword," and may in fact be a sword, included because of its downwardly curved blade. More likely, the original top part of 召 comes from a picture of the palm-down curved hand gesture that East Asians still use to summon a person to them. The 口 indicates that a verbal summoning is also meant. 招 招 adds a hand to 召 to produce the meaning invites. (扌 is the form 手 takes when it is in the leftside position.) 4. What does the word 招待する mean? How is it read? What does the second kanji in 招待する mean? Why do you think it is included in a word we translate into English as "invites"? 漢字 長 長 comes from a picture of an elderly person with long owing hair. The idea of long comes either from this long hair or from the long life this old person has been leading. The word for chief in early Chinese had the same pronunciation as the word for long and so the single kanji 長 came to be used for both meanings. The fact that the elders tended to be the chiefs must also have been a factor. ...
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