Chapter 1 geo notes - Geography Chapter 1 Percy Notes...

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Geography Chapter 1 Percy Notes January 20, 2010 Geography: the science that studies the relationships among natural systems, geographic areas, society, cultural activities, and the interdependence of all of these over space. Spatial: Refers to the nature and character of physical space, its measurement, and the distribution of things within it. Physical Geography: Spatial analysis of all the physical elements and processes that make up the environment: energy, air, water, weather, climate, landforms, soils, animals, plants, microorganisms, and Earth itself. Scientific Method: a methodology important to physical geography... Process: A set of actions or mechanisms that operate in some special order, governed by physical, chemical, and biological laws, is central to geographic analysis. Spatial Analysis: Five important spatial themes: location, region, human-Earth relationships, movement and place. Location: Absolute and relative location on Earth.. Location answers the question of Where? Region: Areas having uniform characteristics; how they form and change; their relation to other regions. Human-Earth Relationships: Humans and the environment: resource exploitation, hazard perception, and environmental pollution and modification. Movement: Communication, movement, circulation, migration, and diffusion across Earth's surface. Global interdependence links all regions and places. Place: Tangible and intangible living and nonliving characteristics that make each place unique. No two places on Earth are exactly alike. System: any ordered, interrelated set of things and their attributes, linked by flows of energy and matter, as distinct from the surrounding environment outside the system. - comprised of sub-systems - both matter and energy are stored and retrieved and energy is transformed from one type to another
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Matter: Mass that assumes a physical shape and occupies space Energy: A capacity to change the motion of, or to do work on, matter Open Systems: A system in which inputs of energy and matter flow into the system, and outputs of energy and matter flow from the system.
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