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FINAL REVIEW QUESTIONS WS100 Be able to define each of the bold terms in your textbook readings covered since the mid- term exam, as well as the following terms from lectures. For each definition be sure to both identify the concept or person, and to state its significance clearly within the context of women and gender studies, by including an example , an historical context or a comparison to a term with which the concept is generally associated or contrasted. Define each of the following terms: DEFINITIONS Hijab: The headscarf worn by Muslim women, sometimes including a veil that covers the face except for the eyes. The veiling or seclusion of women in some Islamic societies, customarily practiced in order to maintain standards of modesty. Fragmentation/dismemberment: Objectification of women: The ideal image affects the way men feel about women. Women’s bodies are turned into objects (liquor bottles, lighters, cups, etc.). Creates a climate for widespread violence against women. Women are seen as things or objects. Which is the first step towards justifying violence. When you view someone as an object or less than human and violence becomes inevitable. Gender pay gap: The gap between the amount of money a man makes versus the amount of money a women makes. Although it may appear that women have equal rights they are still being paid less than men for the exact same job. “harmonizing down”: Pink collar jobs: Jobs for women Blue collar jobs: Jobs for men Return on education: Medicalization: Androcentrism: “Children of hate”: Intersecting oppressions: Negative reproductive rights: Motherhood: Pseudo state feminism: Chapter 3: Obstetric Fistula : A condition arising from prolonged and obstructed labor, often in young women that are not physically mature . Torn tissues between the vaginal wall and the bladder or rectum results in incontinence, infections and ulcerations. This
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neglected condition has severe physical and social consequences and affects at least 2 million women. Their babies usually die from the obstructed labor and the women are often ostracized and abandoned . To fight this problem UNFPA launched an international campaign to prevent fistula. Maternal mortality : Refers to the death of a woman while pregnant or within forty-two days of termination of pregnancy from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management. Reproductive choice: involves offering women a broad range of birth control methods from which they can freely choose . But in most societies, reproductive choice lies not in the woman’s hands but in her husbands or the governments. Contraceptives: Birth control methods. So what seems like a very personal choice is in reality greatly affected by economic, political, and social institutions . This is because reproductive technologies are cultural objects enmeshed in social, political, and economic systems. Female genital mutilation (FGM) / Female genital cutting (FGC):
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2010 for the course WOMEN STUD WS100 taught by Professor Vanderhough during the Spring '10 term at Wilfred Laurier University .

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