post midterm lecture notes ENV_S_173.docx - History 173T\/Environmental 173T Post midterm lecture notes The New Deal and The Environment 1920s era where

post midterm lecture notes ENV_S_173.docx - History...

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History 173T/Environmental 173T Post midterm lecture notes 11/4/15 The New Deal and The Environment 1920s- era where people began to come to cities and the rise of mass consumerism o Manufacturing boom in the urban parts of the United States o “Roaring 20s”- economic prosperous times o Progressive era: regulations rolled back, let big businesses have control o Things weren’t good in rural America -> transpired into the Stock Market crash Pivotal Presidential elections and the environment: 1912, 2008, and two others Black Tuesday: October 29, 1929 o Stock market lost 10% of its value in one day o In a 3 week period after this, the market lost 30% of its value and by 1931, it had lost 80% of its value Stocks disappeared, people went broke Indexes in the 1000s -> 100s Symbolic what policies of the 1920s brought: let people play the stock market who shouldn’t have been playing the market Great Depression (1929-1939) o Not only the US, all industrial economies badly effected o By 1932, some cities especially east of the Mississippi had 60% unemployment o Political consequences- boom days of progressive laissez faire politics came to an end Herbert Hoover (1929-1933)- took blame for the Great Depression Ran for reelection and unsurprisingly lost Franklin Roosevelt: elected in 1932, Democratic cousin of Theodore Roosevelt o Served in WWI- came back with the flu and years later developed polio: lost use of his legs In a wheelchair for the rest of his life o Popular politician from New York o Great speaker o Campaigned with the “New Deal”: relief, reform and recovery Belief in scientific efforts to solve problems and that government could sort out the terrible/ “emergency situation” Began when he took office in March 1933 A lot of projects were to get people back to work- large amount of unemployed young men looking for employment Applied technology to the problems caused by technology o New Democratic party- becoming the party of big government, active federal government Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC): employed people to go work in the national forests/ national parks o Employed in low wages but reduced the unemployment rate o 1933: national unemployment rate was 25% o Environmental work: restoring trails, building outhouses; these areas had become run down in the 20s by the progressive era and the Great Depression Dust Bowl (1935-1940): government also sent men out to areas affected by the Dust Bowl o To plan trees, restore land which had become unarable o Overcultivation caused erosion during the 1920s and 1930s o Area did not get a lot of rain fall- 10 to 20 inches/ year (low rainfall, arid land) o Encouraged during WWI, to plow the land and planted wheat o Natural grasslands- hold the soil well but it was plowed up Drought hit the lands- one area in Colorado got no rain for 3 years in a row Winds hit the lands, soil pulled up into big air masses forming clouds of dust
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History 173T/Environmental 173T Post midterm lecture notes o So severe that some dust storms blew all the way to the East Coast o
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