BIOL_211__1__Roe_jflagg_Bio_211-final_review_2

BIOL_211__1__Roe_jflagg_Bio_211-final_review_2 - 1. Fungi...

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1. Fungi have an __________________ mode of nutrition which requires the secretion of ______________, also called _________________, which break down food molecules in the environment so that the smaller molecules can be taken in, meaning that fungi are (autotrophic/heterotrophic). 2. Fungi destroy _______% of the world’s fruit harvest. 3. Why is a large surface area important for fungi? 4. How do fungi and plant cell walls differ? 5. Define: Saprobe: Hyphae: Mycelium: Septa: Aseptate: Plasmogamy: Karyogamy: Heterokaryon; Dikaryotic: Zygosporangium: Basidiocarp: Ascocarp: Lichens: 6. What are some examples of specialized hyphae? 7. Draw the general fungal life cycle.
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8. What ploidy is present at each portion of the life cycle? What is the dominant ploidy? 9. How are fungal phyla determined? 10. What are the 3(out of 5) phyla of Fungi that we discussed in class and how do they differ? 11. How do endomycorrhizae and ectomycorrhizae differ? 12. What features are characteristic of all animals? 13. True or false: All animals have tissues. 14. True or false: All animals reproduce sexually. 15. Draw the order of early embryonic development. Important words to be used: zygote; blastula; gastrulation; gastrula; blastopore; cleavage. After what process are germ (tissue) layers formed? What are the 3 possible germ layers? 16. What is a “coelom”? How is a coelom beneficial? 17. Say you have 3 worms—one was a coelomate, one was a pseudocoelomate and one was an acoelomate. Draw the 3 types of tissue in each cross-section of each type of worm. Coelomate Pseudocoelomate Acoelomate 18. Acoelomates are characterized by a. the absence of a brain. b. the absence of mesoderm. c. deuterostome development. d. a coelom that is not completely lined with mesoderm. e. a solid body without a cavity surrounding internal organs. 19. Which of the following subdivisions of the animal kingdom encompasses all the others in the list? a. Protostomes b. Bilaterians c. Radians d. Eumetazoans (those with true tissues) e. Deuterostomes
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20. Which characteristic below is shared by plants, fungi, and animals? a. They all have cell walls. b. All are eukaryotes. c. All obtain nutrition through ingestion. d. All possess the same types of tissues. 21. During the development of most animals, cleavage leads to _____. a. the formation of a zygote b. the formation of a blastula c. the formation of a gastrula d. fertilization e. metamorphosis 22. Which example below is a common feature of all animals? a. bilateral symmetry b. obtain nutrition through absorption c. a true coelom d. dominant haploid stage e. none of the above 23. Ectoderm can give rise to _____; mesoderm can give rise to _____; endoderm can give rise to _____. a.
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BIOL_211__1__Roe_jflagg_Bio_211-final_review_2 - 1. Fungi...

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