Psych 100 Study Guide Quiz 2

Psych 100 Study Guide Quiz 2 - Psych100Quiz2StudyGuide...

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Psych 100 – Quiz 2 Study Guide Chapter 5: Learning Classical Conditioning - learning to make a reflex response to a stimulus other than the original, natural stimulus that normally produces it (UCS, UCR, neutral stimulus, CS, CR, stimulus generalization, stimulus discrimination, extinction, spontaneous recovery, higher-order conditioning- strong conditioned stimulus is paired with a neutral stimulus) Conditioned emotional responses (Little Albert and the white rat; learning of phobias), conditioned taste aversion (chemotherapy), biological preparedness (coyotes and poisoned sheep meat), cognitive perspective Operant Conditioning - using consequences to increase or decrease a behavior (Positive/Negative Reinforcement/Punishment, primary/secondary reinforcers (secondary is good in groups e.g. token economics), shaping , successive approximations, extinction , extinction burst (temp increase in behavior when reinforcement stops), reacquisition, generalization , discriminative stimulus, spontaneous recovery ) – Be able to identify which type of conditioning is taking place Problems with punishment (model for aggressive behavior; effects on temporary) and How to make punishment effective (immediate and consistent; pair it with reinforcement of a desirable behavior) Differences between Class. Conditioning and Operant Conditioning CC Organism is more passive; OC it takes a more active role CC one clear response needed; OC many responses possible CC emotional/specific physiological responses conditioned; OC behaviors are more complex Schedules of Reinforcement Partial reinforcement effect: a responses that is reinforced after some, but not all, correct responses will be more resistant to extinction than a response that receives continuous reinforcement. Therefore, variable schedules are more resistant to extinction. Fixed interval: reinforced at a set time (e.g. paycheck every 2 weeks) Variable interval: reinforced after a variable amount of time (e.g. pop quiz) Fixed ratio: reinforced at a set # of behaviors/responses Variable ratio: reinforced after variable # of behaviors/responses (e.g. slot machines) Observational Learning theory - learning can take place without actual performance. Bobo doll experiment 4 Elements are: Attention , Memory , Imitation (reproducing the
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actions of the model), Motivation (e.g. if they expect a reward for the behavior) Cognitive Learning Theory Latent Learning - information remains hidden or latent until there is a reason to demonstrate the knowledge (e.g. rats navigating a maze to obtain food) Insight - a sudden “coming together” of all the elements of a problem in a kind of “aha” moment. (e.g. monkey puts sticks together) Learned Helplessness - the tendency to fail to act to escape from a situation because of a history of repeated failures in the past (e.g. dogs conditioned to fear a tone did not try to avoid being shocked)
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2010 for the course PSYC 100 taught by Professor Madigan during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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Psych 100 Study Guide Quiz 2 - Psych100Quiz2StudyGuide...

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