Psych 100 Study Guide Quiz 3

Psych 100 Study Guide Quiz 3 - PsychQuiz3StudyGuide Chapter...

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Psych Quiz 3 Study Guide Do chapter review quizzes Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Transcendence needs > Self-actualization needs > Aesthetic needs> Cognitive needs> Esteem needs> Belongingness needs> Safety needs> Physiological needs 1. a. Hormones i. Stages of Love Stage 1: Lust testosterone in males and females Stage 2: Attraction (“Love high”, butterflies in stomach) dopamine and norepinephrine increase; serotonin decreases Stage 3: Attachment (more calm, less WOW) Oxytocin in females; Vasopressin in males ii. Dopamine is released during sex, brain sees sex as a reward. Declining dopamine during adolescence induces teens to engage in risky behavior (e.g. sex) iii. Girls with estrogen injections withdrawn, sexual fantasies Boys with testosterone injections aggressive, sexual thoughts/actions iv. Receptors for sex hormones in: Hippocampus (estrogen receptors grows faster in females) Amygdala (testosterone receptors grows faster in males), Hypothalamus (more active in men; some parts relating to sex are larger) Cerbellum (larger in men; spatial skills) v. CAH girl exposed to androgens in womb act more boyish throughout life vi. Brain cells that produce serotonin also have estrogen receptors. May have implications for depression/stress vii. Less testosterone smaller amygdala less responsive to sex/pheromones b. Brain Development i. Female brain is smaller but runs at a higher rate ii. Different strategies are used; females use more landmarks iii. Structural Differences Females do better on verbal tests and temporal lobe is more advanced. Females have larger corpus callosum more interaction btwn hemispheres (e.g. for language, emotions). They use both hemispheres to listen (males use only left side)
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Females use more neurons/brain is networked; Male brain is compartmentalized c. Sex Characteristics i. Primary characteristics vs. Secondary characteristics 2. AIDS a. Caused by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) – makes people vulnerable to infections/viruses that wouldn’t normally be problematic b. Diagnosed as AIDS when T-cell count drops below a certain point c. Unprotected sex, sharing needles, and being birthed by an infected person are all ways to get HIV. Saliva and tears do NOT transmit HIV d. First symptoms often seem like the flu Chapter 11: Stress and Health Stress : the physical, emotional, cognitive, and behavioral responses to events that are appraised as threatening or challenging. 1. Categories of Stressors a. Catastrophes : unpredictable events that happen on a large scale and create tremendous amounts of stress and feelings of threat (e.g. war, hurricane) b. Acute Stress Disorder (ASD) : Up to one month following a major stressor; symptoms include anxiety, recurring nightmares, problems with concentration/sleep, reliving the experience Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2010 for the course PSYC 100 taught by Professor Madigan during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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Psych 100 Study Guide Quiz 3 - PsychQuiz3StudyGuide Chapter...

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