The bases of social power

The bases of social - The Bases of Social Power J French t B Raven 1959 In D.CmWight Studies in Social Power Institute for Social Research

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The Bases of Social Power J. French t B. Raven, 1959. In D. CmWight, Studies in Social Power, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan [excerpts] By the basis of power, we mean the relationship between P (the Person) and 0 (the Other), which is the source of that power. Although there are undoubtedly many possible bases of power which may be distinguished, we shall here define five which seem especially common and important. These five bases of 0's power are: (I) reward power, based on P:'s perception that 0 has the ability to mediate rewards for him; (2) coercive power, based on P's perception that 0 has the abilit); to mediate punishments for him; (3) legitimate power, based on the perception by P that 0 has a legitimate right to prescribe behavior for hirn; (4) rej2ren1 power, based on P's identification with 0; (5) experi power, based on . bonus in a factory can serve as a basis for reward. power, SO the ability to fire a worker if he falls below a given level of production will result in coercive power. Coercive power leads to dependent change also; and the degree of dependence varies with the level of observability of P's conformity. An excellent illustration of coercive power leading to dependent change is provided by a clothes presser in a factory. As her efficiency rating climbed above average for the group the other workers began to "scapegoat" her. That the resultink plateau her production was not independent of the group was evident once she was removed from the presence of the other workers. Her production immediately the perception that 0 has some special knowledge climbed to new heights.
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2010 for the course JMSB COMM 210 taught by Professor Barbarareda during the Winter '09 term at Concordia Canada.

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The bases of social - The Bases of Social Power J French t B Raven 1959 In D.CmWight Studies in Social Power Institute for Social Research

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