Macey_Booze_U1_HIV Questions.docx - How can HIV be transmitted through intercourse In women-HIV can enter through small tears in the lining of the

Macey_Booze_U1_HIV Questions.docx - How can HIV be...

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How can HIV be transmitted through intercourse? In women: -HIV can enter through small tears in the lining of the vagina -HIV can also be absorbed through the lining of the vagina and the cervix In men: -HIV can enter through the urethra -HIV can enter through small cuts, abrasions, open sores, or foreskin tissue In both: -HIV can also be spread through unprotected anal intercourse -HIV can absorb through the thin lining of the rectum What type of intercourse has the highest risk for transmission? -Anal intercourse What are effective ways to avoid HIV? -Abstaining from sex -Wearing a condom -Treating other STDs, especially those that cause open sores -ART therapy What is ART? -Antiretroviral therapy -Reduces the amount of HIV in the infected partners body -Greatly lowers risk of transmission What are Microbicides? How do they work? -Creams that can be applied to vagina or rectum -Prevent viral replication of HIV
What is PEP? -Post exposure prophylaxis -May prevent replication/spread of HIV -Must begin within 72 hours after HIV exposure What is PrEP -Pre-exposure prophylaxis -Once daily pill that results in reduction in the risk of HIV transmission -Should be used prior to HIV exposure

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