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study questions-midterm

study questions-midterm - Study Questions from Oxford's...

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Study Questions from Oxford’s Companion Website to the Pop, Rock, and Soul Reader (www.oup.com/us/brackett) PART ONE: Before 1950 1. Irving Berlin in Tin Pan Alley How do Irving Berlin’s early songs (in the words of Charles Hamm) “encode or reflect or perpetuate or shape or empower ... the culture and values of [the] complex community” to which Berlin belonged? Provide some examples. What are some examples of Berlin’s songwriting collaborations? What is the significance of these collaborations? What is the importance of performance to Berlin’s apparently standardized songs? 2. Technology, the Dawn of Modern Popular Music, and the “King of Jazz” According to Whiteman, what were some of the difficulties created by early sound recording technology? for years before we began to record, it had been necessary for almost all recording laboratories to change the instrumentation of nearly all orchestral pieces certain instruments, notably the double basses, which were then used, the horn, the tympani and in lesser degree, other instruments, failed to yield satisfactory results the double basses frequently were discarded and replaced by a single tuba ordinary drums could not be put on record so the banjo was used as a tune drum What role did different dance steps play in the transformation of Whiteman’s music? 3. Big Band Swing Music: Race and Power in the Music Business How does Marvin Freedman characterize the musical differences between black and white musicians? How does he evaluate these differences? What does Irving Kolodin see as significant differences between black and white bands in terms of their working conditions and opportunities? What opportunities are particularly important in whether a band is successful or not? his valuation of black musicians over white ones may seem to counter common stereotypes about white superiority, yet stereotypes are still at work freedman identifies black musicians with the body and natural spontaneity, while he identifies whites with the mind, calculation and femininity essentialism: the notion that black music consists of a fixed repetiore of stylist elements that are transmitted genetically white jazz music: colder, cleaner, more conscious black jazz music: richer, looser, more relaxed played on the radio, get to perform for large audiences/good theatres, otherwise does not reach mass audience
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4. Solo Pop Singers and New Forms of Fandom What factors does Bing Crosby see as particularly important to his success? Based on Martha Weinman Lear’s account, how would you describe the role played by Frank Sinatra in the formation of identity of his young female fans? Why does Neil McCaffrey prefer Benny Goodman’s band to Frank Sinatra? How does McCaffrey describe the differences between fans of swing bands and solo singers?
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