SB Chapter 11 - SB Chapter 11 The Bureaucracy Chapter menu...

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SB Chapter 11 The Bureaucracy  Chapter menu After students have read and studied this chapter they should be able to: Recognize the impact of the bureaucracy upon presidential initiatives. Identify the types of governmental organizations in the federal bureaucracy and  distinguish between functions and responsibilities (including Cabinet departments,  independent executive agencies, independent regulatory commissions and  government corporations). Identify the legislation controlling political activity by the bureaucracy (the Civil  Service Reform Act of 1883 and the Hatch Act) Explain Congressional control on bureaucracies, including enabling legislations and  budgetary authorization. Identify the recent reforms within the federal civil service. o Sunshine laws o Sunset laws o Whistle-blowers Explain the iron triangle model of the bureaucracy and the role of executive agencies, subcommittees and interest groups.                                                                                                                                               CHAPTER OUTLINE   I. The Nature of the Bureaucracy
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A bureaucracy is a large organization that is structured hierarchically to carry out  specific functions. The purpose of a bureaucracy is the efficient administration of  rules, regulations, and policies. Governments, businesses and other institutions  such as colleges and universities perforce have bureaucracies.  A. Public and Private Bureaucracies. Public bureaucracies are governmental  bureaucracies that do not have a single set of leaders in the way that private or  business bureaucracies do. The purpose of a private-sector company is to make  a profit. A bureaucracy within a company will attempt to administer the  policies of the company to maximize profits for the company. Unlike a private  company, the government is supposed to provide services to the public. A  governmental bureaucracy is concerned with administering policies that  provide services to the people. These fundamental differences between public  and private bureaucracies make comparisons difficult. B. Models of Bureaucracy.  1. Weberian Model. Analyses of how bureaucracies operate and how they  should operate are often based on the work of Max Weber (pronounced  VAY-ber), a famous German sociologist. Weber believed that all  bureaucracies share certain qualities: Hierarchy. Every person who works in an organization has a superior  to whom they report.  Specialization. Workers have an area of expertise as opposed to being 
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SB Chapter 11 - SB Chapter 11 The Bureaucracy Chapter menu...

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