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HW8 - Name Section TA Linguistics 1 H OMEWORK 8 B ASQUE...

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. Name Section & TA Linguistics 1 H OMEWORK 8: B ASQUE This homework requires you to delve deeply into one particular language, Basque. Basque is an indigenous lan- guage of Northern Spain and Southern France, unrelated to the Romance languages of the region, and has a very interesting history. If you’re curious about its history, you should read The Basque History of the World by Mark Kurlansky, or the few pages I’ve posted on the website from Jansen’s Beginner’s Basque (Hippocrene, 2002). These data were drawn from Jansen’s book, as well as de Rijk’s Standard Basque: a Progressive Grammar (MIT Press, 2008). 1. Morphology I: -ro a. argi ‘clear, bright’ g. argiro ‘clearly’ b. berri ‘new’ h. berriro ‘recently’ c. oso ‘whole’ k. ororo ‘completely’ d. zintzo ‘dutiful, honest’ l. zintzoro ‘dutifully, honestly’ e. handi ‘big, great’ m. handiro ‘on a great scale’ f. maite ‘beloved, dear’ n. maitaro ‘lovingly’ i. What type of morpheme is -ro ? Describe it to the best of your ability (bound/free? prefix/suffix? derivational/inflectional? what does it mean?). (2 points) ii. Now look at the data below. Are they compatible with your above characterization of -ro ? Why or why not? (4 points) o. adiskide ‘friend’ q. adiskidero ‘in a friendly way’ p. asti ‘leisure’ r. astiro ‘leisurely, slowly’ iii. Do you think that -ro is an instance of accidental homophony, or do you think that there is only one -ro in Basque? Explain your answer. (6 points) 1
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2. Morphology II: Locatives Locatives are types of roles (like agent), and appears as a case suffix in Basque. locative type form gloss Inessive herrian ‘at the village; in the village’ Elative herritik ‘out of the village, from the village’ Allative herrira ‘to the village’ Terminal herriraino ‘as far as the village, up to the village’ Tendential herrirantz ‘toward the village’ Inessive elizan ‘at the church’ Elative elizatik ‘from the church’ Allative elizara ‘to the church’ Terminal elizaraino ‘as far as the church, up to the church’ Tendential elizarantz ‘toward the church’ Inessive ibaian ‘at the river, in the river’ Elative ibaitik ‘from the river’ Allative ibaira ‘to the river’ Terminal ibairaino
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  • Fall '07
  • McDevitt
  • Universal quantification, basque, Inessive Elative Allative Terminal Tendential Inessive Elative Allative Terminal Tendential Inessive Elative Allative Terminal, Basque yes/no questions, Basque time expressions

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