Chapter 2 - Chapter 2: Cognitive Neuroscience Question:...

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Chapter 2: Cognitive Neuroscience Question: What is cognitive neuroscience? The marriage of cognitive psychology and neuroscience. The goal is to discover brain mechanisms that give rise to mental functioning such as memory. The mind is composed of modules, or specific parts, each responsible for a specific task . Phrenology is outdated and is based on three principles: 1) The brain is the sole organ of the mind 2) Basic character/intellectual traits are genetically determined 3) Variation in function is caused by variation in structure *Believed larger = better = larger protrusion on the skull “Mental processes are not due to the independent activities of the individual parts of the brain, but to the activities of the brain as a whole.” –Franz *use ablation (destruction of brain parts) on rats to reach this conclusion. Law of mass action: learning and memory depend on the total mass of the brain tissue remaining rather than the properties of individual cells. Law of equipotentiality: even though some areas of the cortex may become specialized for certain tasks, within limits any part of an area can do the job of any other part of that area. Brain/Mind Mind includes both consciousness and sub-consciousness Attempts to formulate an answer for brain/mind connection: 1) Interactionism (Descartes): mind and brain are separate substances tat interact/influence each other 2) Epiphenomenalism (Skinner): mind is a superfluous byproduct of brain functioning
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Chapter 2 - Chapter 2: Cognitive Neuroscience Question:...

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