mcs-2010-alumi usgs - 16 ALUMINUM1 (Data in thousand metric...

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16 ALUMINUM 1 (Data in thousand metric tons of metal unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use : In 2009, 6 companies operated 13 primary aluminum smelters; 4 smelters were closed the entire year, and demolition of 1 smelter that had been idle since 2000 was completed in 2009. Of the operating smelters, three were temporarily idled and parts of four others were temporarily closed in 2009. Based on published market prices, the value of primary metal production was $2.96 billion. Aluminum consumption was centered in the East Central United States. Transportation accounted for an estimated 33% of domestic consumption; the remainder was used in packaging, 26%; building, 14%; electrical, 8%; machinery, 8%; consumer durables, 7%; and other, 4%. Salient Statistics—United States : 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 e Production: Primary 2,481 2,284 2,554 2,658 1,710 Secondary (from old scrap) 1,080 1,260 1,600 1,340 1,260 Imports for consumption 5,330 5,180 4,490 4,200 4,130 Exports 2,370 2,820 2,840 3,280 2,570 Consumption, apparent 2 5,990 5,980 5,110 3,790 3,610 Price, ingot, average U.S. market (spot), cents per pound 91.0 121.4 125.2 120.5 78.0 Stocks: Aluminum industry, yearend 1,430 1,410 1,400 1,220 920 LME, U.S. warehouses, yearend 3 209 228 463 1,290 2,120 Employment, number 4 58,400 57,300 56,600 53,900 45,000 Net import reliance 5 as a percentage of apparent consumption 41 31 19 E 18 Recycling : In 2009, aluminum recovered from purchased scrap was about 3.0 million tons, of which about 60% came from new (manufacturing) scrap and 40% from old scrap (discarded aluminum products). Aluminum recovered from
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mcs-2010-alumi usgs - 16 ALUMINUM1 (Data in thousand metric...

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