Language - Lecture 9: Language Next Time: Exam 1 Bring a...

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1 Lecture 9: Language Next Time: Exam 1 Bring a blue scantron form and a pencil 60 multiple choice questions 1 point each → 60 points total Bubble in : Student ID # Test Form: otherwise your exam not will not be graded correctly Language Outline: Characteristics of Language Language Development Theories of Language Learning In the Brain Language Influences Thought Language More than just communication 3 Critical Properties Symbolic Words are arbitrary representations Generative Limited symbols combined into infinite messages Structured Symbols must be combined in certain ways Grammar
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2 Rules for combining symbols: Grammar Structural rules for how language units can be combined “The ball John on the table put.” “John put the ball on the table.” Semantics Meaning of words and word combinations “Colorless green ideas sleep furiously.” “Ominous black clouds hover menacingly.” Dissecting Language: Words vs. Meaning Noam Chomsky Surface structure Literal meaning of words in phrase. Deep Structure Intended meaning of words in phrase. “This test is going to be a piece of cake.” Surface: The test will consist of a piece of frosted pastry. Deep: The test will be easy. Language Outline: Characteristics of Language Language Development Theories of Language Learning In the Brain Language Influences Thought
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3 Phonemes Smallest unit of sound recognizable as speech
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2010 for the course PSC PSC 001 taught by Professor Paoli during the Winter '09 term at UC Davis.

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Language - Lecture 9: Language Next Time: Exam 1 Bring a...

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