Learning II - 1/28/2010 Lecture 8: A Cognitive Buffet...

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1/28/2010 1 Lecture 8: A Cognitive Buffet Behaviorism Branch of psychology Study of directly observable behaviors only All behavior results from learning and environment Extreme “nurture” supporters John Watson quote “Give me a dozen healthy infants…” Learning: Part II But: Can we always see learning happening? Can we learn without reinforcement? Can we learn without personal experience? Cognitive Psychology Scientific study of mental processes Perception Memory Thought Reasoning
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1/28/2010 2 Latent Learning Edward Tolman (1930) Maze learning in rats 3 Experimental Conditions 1. Never food in goal box 2. Always food in goal box 3. Food in goal box starting on day 11 Maze Latent Learning “Day 11 food” rats Learned maze without reinforcement But didn’t show this knowledge immediately Learning occurs but cannot see it in behavior until some time later Cognitive Maps Mental representation of the physical features of the environment Observational Learning Learning by watching the actions of others Modeling other’s behavior Social settings Kids are especially influenced
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1/28/2010 3 Albert Bandura (1965) Bobo Doll Study Aggression and violence can be learned by watching others Direct reinforcement not required Imitation of specific acts Imitation of general intent but with new specific acts Gun, Baby doll Bobo Doll Study Children sensitive to observed consequences Seeing others punished or reinforced Back to memory…
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1/28/2010 4 Is memory accurate? Memory is not a
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2010 for the course PSC PSC 001 taught by Professor Paoli during the Winter '09 term at UC Davis.

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Learning II - 1/28/2010 Lecture 8: A Cognitive Buffet...

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