psy2_lec4_naturenurture

psy2_lec4_naturenurture - Studying nature and nurture in...

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Studying nature and nurture in human behavior
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Evolutionary psychology s William James: “functionalism” b Why s Selection pressure: costs and benefits b Q: Why aren’t our brains even bigger? b A: …Because we walk upright? b Koala brains…
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Evolutionary psychology s Features versus bugs b Good, neutral, or bad but balanced? b “Just so” stories… s What environment are we adapted for, anyway? b The “Environment of Evolutionary Adaptedness”
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Evolutionary psychology s Why do we like sweet, fatty foods so much? b Good then, bad now? s Why are we afraid of the dark? b Good then, good now? s Why do more people have phobias about spiders than about guns? b Good then, bad now? b Dogs vs. balloons…
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Evolutionary psychology s What do we mean by “universal”? b Across cultures: s Systematic tendencies in opinion, behavior, or thought s And sometimes: systematic gender differences s An example of evolutionary psychology: logical reasoning
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s Diagnosis of Ebbinghaus disease b “If a person has Ebbinghaus, then they will be forgetful.” s Four cases: s Which do you need to turn over? Has
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psy2_lec4_naturenurture - Studying nature and nurture in...

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