Psy2_lec9_perception - s Size constancy Constancies s Size constancy and depth Depth perception s Monocular cues b Relative height b Relative size

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Perception
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Top-down processing
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Top-down processing s Selective attention b Inattentional/change blindness
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Gestalt principles s “The whole is more than the sum of its parts” b Pattern recognition: biases in how the brain tends to organize incoming sensations s Principles: b Figure-ground b Grouping s Proximity s Similarity s Continuity s Connectedness s Closure s Common fate
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Gestalt principles s Figure-ground
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Gestalt principles s Grouping: proximity s Rows or columns:
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Gestalt principles s Grouping: similarity s Rows or columns:
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Gestalt principles s Grouping: continuity
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Gestalt principles s Connectedness
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Gestalt principles s Grouping: closure
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Gestalt principles s Grouping: common fate
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Constancies s We perceive objects as unchanging despite changing sensory input b Shape constancy b Color constancy b Lightness constancy b Size constancy
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Constancies s Shape constancy
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Constancies s Color and lightness constancy b Their perception is influenced by context
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Constancies s Lightness: effect of context
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Constancies
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Unformatted text preview: s Size constancy Constancies s Size constancy and depth Depth perception s Monocular cues b Relative height b Relative size b Linear perspective b Interposition b Relative clarity b Texture gradient b Motion parallax Depth perception s Motion parallax b Relative change in angle of stimuli on retina Depth perception s Binocular cues b Retinal disparity b Convergence Perception and experience s Early perceptual preferences and sensitive periods b Vision b Language Perception and experience s Depth perception: b the “visual cliff” New crawler Experienced crawler Perception and experience s Perceptual sets b What you expect shapes what you perceive b Schemas b Short-term: context effects b Long-term: culture, history, individual differences Review session s Today, 5-6 pm, 145 Dwinelle s Exam Thursday: b Multiple-choice b About 50 questions...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2010 for the course PSYCH 2 taught by Professor Don'tremember during the Spring '04 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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Psy2_lec9_perception - s Size constancy Constancies s Size constancy and depth Depth perception s Monocular cues b Relative height b Relative size

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