psy2_lec10_learning

psy2_lec10_learning - Learning Conditioning and...

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Unformatted text preview: Learning Conditioning and observational learning Learning: a change in behavior due to experience. s Classical conditioning: anticipating events through association s Operant conditioning: associating behaviors and their consequences s Observational learning: observing and imitating others’ behavior, or observing consequences of others’ actions Classical conditioning s In old dorms, flushing toilets b scalding showers B If you’ve learned this and you’re in the shower, what will you do when you hear a toilet flush? Classical conditioning s Ivan Pavlov: early 1900’s s Neutral stimulus: no response Classical conditioning s Unconditioned stimulus b unconditioned response s Neutral stimulus Classical conditioning s Conditioned stimulus b s Conditioned response Classical conditioning s Classical conditioning = flexible learning, but influenced by biological predispositions : “ecological relevance” b “Natural clues to danger” and phobias b Taste aversion s Longer timing s Novel flavors b Traumatic experiences Classical conditioning s Higher-order conditioning Classical conditioning s Timing and acquisition b Food before metronome = no learning s Generalization b Stimuli similar to the CS b Ticking clock is like metronome s Discrimination b If clock predicts something else, will learn to discriminate clock from metronome Classical conditioning s Little Albert b An (unethical) example of stimulus generalization b (John Watson) Classical conditioning...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2010 for the course PSYCH 2 taught by Professor Don'tremember during the Spring '04 term at Berkeley.

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psy2_lec10_learning - Learning Conditioning and...

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