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OperantConditioning - Operant Conditioning 1 Elements of...

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Operant Conditioning 1. Elements of Conditioning 1. Skinner box 2. shaping; chaining 2. Reinforcers 1. positive vs negative (vs punishment) 2. cues, extinction, spontaneous recovery 3. four training schedules 4. superstition 5. secondary; partial 6. four schedules of reinforcement Instrumental Conditioning If and when an animal emits a particular (intended or desired) response, and it is followed by a certain effective stimulus (reinforcement), then learning will occur B. F. Skinner “Fred” Skinner believed we should study responses and how they are shaped by reinforcement
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Reinforcement Any stimulus event that increases the likelihood of any response with which it is associated. Reinforcement is the effective stimulus that makes operant conditioning possible Skinner Box Shaping & Chaining shaping (the method of successive approximations): the process of learning a complex response (novel and not ordinarily emitted) in graduated steps, with each step requiring a response more like the desired one chaining :
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