OperantConditioning

OperantConditioning - Operant Conditioning 1. Elements of...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Operant Conditioning 1. Elements of Conditioning 1. Skinner box 2. shaping; chaining 2. Reinforcers 1. positive vs negative (vs punishment) 2. cues, extinction, spontaneous recovery 3. four training schedules 4. superstition 5. secondary; partial 6. four schedules of reinforcement Instrumental Conditioning ± If and when an animal emits a particular (intended or desired) response, and it is followed by a certain effective stimulus (reinforcement), then learning will occur B. F. Skinner ± “Fred” Skinner believed we should study responses and how they are shaped by reinforcement
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Reinforcement ± Any stimulus event that increases the likelihood of any response with which it is associated. Reinforcement is the effective stimulus that makes operant conditioning possible Skinner Box ± shaping (the method of successive approximations): the process of learning a complex response (novel and not ordinarily emitted) in graduated steps, with each step requiring a response more
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 5

OperantConditioning - Operant Conditioning 1. Elements of...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online