Stroop You, Stroop Me
The Stroop phenomenon represents a classic demonstration of
interference is revealed typical additional traditional latency to name the ink color of a
incongruent color word stimulus (e.g.,saying “red” to the word “blue” appearing in red ink)
above and beyond that require to name the ink color of a non word stimulus (e.g., saying “red” in
response to a rectangle or a row of “x”s appearing in red ink).
Although over one thousand articles have been published concerning the nature and application
of the stroop phenomenon, much debate remains two prominent threads can be observed in the
stroop phenomenon literature to date. The first thread concerns the elucidation of mechanisms
giving rise to the presence and magnitude of the stroop effect. Such mechanisms include mental
faculties such as memorial encoding and retrieval, attentional resources and allocations thereof,
and language production and comprehension. The second thread concerns the applications of
stroop task inform accounts of individual differences in memorial encoding and retrieval due to
past experiences and neuropsychological syndromes particularly interesting line of research
regard has come to be characterized as it falls under the rubric as “emotional stroop”.
Recent example of studies given by Raz, Kirsch, Pollard, Nitkin-Kaner (2006) in their study
participants were given a suggestion under hypnosis or they were not, but
were in fact “meaningless symbols”.
The suggestion resulted in a reduction of magnitude in the
stroop effect of nearly 50%, suggesting that it is not due to simply and automatic process of word
reading. Interesting examples studies investigating the emotional stroop phenomenon include
Domier, Moterosso, Brody, Simon, Mendrek, Olmstead, Jarvik, Cohen, and London (2007) and
Lang and Sarmiento, 2004, Block 2004, Lusher, Chandler, Ball (2004).
Domier, et al (2007) and
Lusher et. al (2004), investigated emotional stroop phenomenon regard to substance abuse
specifically cigarette smoking and
alcohol consumption. (Briefly summarize), Domier et al.