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haidt2007sciencemag - The New Synthesis in Moral Psychology...

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DOI: 10.1126/science.1137651 , 998 (2007); 316 Science et al. Jonathan Haidt, The New Synthesis in Moral Psychology www.sciencemag.org (this information is current as of November 3, 2007 ): The following resources related to this article are available online at http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/316/5827/998 version of this article at: including high-resolution figures, can be found in the online Updated information and services, http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/316/5827/998/DC1 can be found at: Supporting Online Material found at: can be related to this article A list of selected additional articles on the Science Web sites http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/316/5827/998#related-content http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/316/5827/998#otherarticles , 3 of which can be accessed for free: cites 22 articles This article http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/collection/psychology Psychology : subject collections This article appears in the following http://www.sciencemag.org/about/permissions.dtl in whole or in part can be found at: this article permission to reproduce of this article or about obtaining reprints Information about obtaining registered trademark of AAAS. is a Science 2007 by the American Association for the Advancement of Science; all rights reserved. The title Copyright American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1200 New York Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20005. (print ISSN 0036-8075; online ISSN 1095-9203) is published weekly, except the last week in December, by the Science on November 3, 2007 www.sciencemag.org Downloaded from
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The New Synthesis in Moral Psychology Jonathan Haidt People are selfish, yet morally motivated. Morality is universal, yet culturally variable. Such apparent contradictions are dissolving as research from many disciplines converges on a few shared principles, including the importance of moral intuitions, the socially functional (rather than truth-seeking) nature of moral thinking, and the coevolution of moral minds with cultural practices and institutions that create diverse moral communities. I propose a fourth principle to guide future research: Morality is about more than harm and fairness. More research is needed on the collective and religious parts of the moral domain, such as loyalty, authority, and spiritual purity. I f you ever become a contestant on an un- usually erudite quiz show, and you are asked to explain human behavior in two seconds or less, you might want to say self-interest. After all, economic models that assume only a motive for self-interest perform reasonably well. However, if you have time to give a more nuanced answer, you should also discuss the moral motives addressed in Table 1. Try answering those questions now. If your total for column B is higher than your total for column A, then congratulations, you are Homo moralis , not Homo economicus . You have social motivations beyond direct self-interest, and the latest research in moral psychology can help explain why.
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