198-Intro - SOSC198 Psychology of Personal Growth...

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SOSC198 Psychology of Personal Growth [email protected] Introduction
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2 SOSC198 Introduction I. COMMON METRIC A. What is Psychological Adjustment? Modeled after the term adaptation in biology, which refers to efforts by a species to adjust to changes in its environment. Adjustment refers to the psychological processes through which people manage or cope with the demands and challenges of everyday life. Everyday demands are diverse, ranging from intrapersonal dynamics, through interpersonal relations, to developmental transitions.
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3 SOSC198 Introduction B. Personality Psychology Æ Dynamics of Adjustment The Latin “persona” denotes the mask worn by the players in ancient Greek dramas … the actor’s portrayal of a comic figure. What did psychologists say? Carl Rogers: Personality refers to the self, an organized, permanent, subjectively perceived entity which is at the heart of our experiences. Gordon Allport: Personality refers to which an individual really is, an internal “something” that determines the nature of the person’s interactions with the world. Erik Erikson: Personality is the outcome of several psychosocial crises that each individual has to go through.
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4 SOSC198 Introduction Murray & Kluckhohn (1953) argued that every individual is,
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2010 for the course SOSC SOSC198 taught by Professor Michelle during the Spring '09 term at HKUST.

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198-Intro - SOSC198 Psychology of Personal Growth...

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