final-111A - Ecn 111A - Economic History of the United...

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Ecn 111A - Economic History of the United States University of California - Davis March 20, 2009 Instructor: John Parman Final Exam You have until 10am to complete the exam, be certain to use your time wisely. For multiple choice questions, mark your answer on your scantron sheet. Choose only one answer for each multiple choice question; if more than one letter is chosen for a question it will be marked wrong. Write your answers for the essay section directly on the exam. Calculators may not be used. Remember to put your name and ID number on both the exam (in the spaces provided below) and on the scantron sheet. Good luck! Name: ID Number: Section: SECTION I: MULTIPLE CHOICE (70 points) 1. Which of the following is a major difference between the United States’ demographic transition and the demographic transitions of Western European countries? (a) The decline in birth rates began before the decline in death rates for the United States. (b) The demographic transition occurred much later in the United States than in Western Europe. (c) The European transition was slower because unimproved land was more abundant in Europe. (d) Population growth was negative during most of the United States’ transition. 2. The growth of the slave population from 1810 to 1860 was: (a) Mainly due to the high profits earned through importing slaves from Africa. (b) Driven by a need for additional labor in wheat production. (c) Partly driven by high fertility rates among female slaves. (d) The slave population was getting smaller over the period. 3. The majority of slaveholders in the United States: (a) Ran large cotton plantations. (b) Owned fewer than ten slaves. (c) Were located in the Midwest corn belt. (d) Ran large sugar plantations. 4. The Navigation Acts: (a) Were part of Jefferson’s embargo on trade with England and France. (b) Placed restrictions on colonial exports and shipping. (c) Benefited Western European consumers of American goods. (d) Ended the transatlantic slave trade.
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2 Final Exam 5. Which of the following was not a way that land grants were designed to promote efficient levels of railroad construction? (a) They helped railroad investors overcome credit constraints resulting from poor capital markets. (b) They helped minimize the risk of railroad investments. (c) They increased the returns to investment for railroad investors. (d) They promoted lower prices for railroad services by letting railroad companies capture consumer surplus through land rents. 6. Which of the following is not true about the health of slaves in the United States in the 1800s? (a) Slaves born in the United States were taller on average than African born slaves. (b) The diet provided to slaves was more costly than the cheapest subsistence diet. (c) Infant mortality rates for slaves were similar to infant mortality rates for whites.
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2010 for the course ECN 111a taught by Professor Parman during the Spring '10 term at UC Davis.

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final-111A - Ecn 111A - Economic History of the United...

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