final-111A-solutions

final-111A-solutions - Ecn 111A Economic History of the...

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Unformatted text preview: Ecn 111A - Economic History of the United States University of California - Davis March 20, 2009 Instructor: John Parman Final Exam You have until 10am to complete the exam, be certain to use your time wisely. For multiple choice questions, mark your answer on your scantron sheet. Choose only one answer for each multiple choice question; if more than one letter is chosen for a question it will be marked wrong. Write your answers for the essay section directly on the exam. Calculators may not be used. Remember to put your name and ID number on both the exam (in the spaces provided below) and on the scantron sheet. Good luck! Name: ID Number: Section: SECTION I: MULTIPLE CHOICE (70 points) 1. Which of the following is a major difference between the United States’ demographic transition and the demographic transitions of Western European countries? (a) The decline in birth rates began before the decline in death rates for the United States. (b) The demographic transition occurred much later in the United States than in Western Europe. (c) The European transition was slower because unimproved land was more abundant in Europe. (d) Population growth was negative during most of the United States’ transition. (a) What were particularly unique features of the United States’ demographic tran- sition were its relatively early start and its drop in fertility rates preceding its drop in death rates, a pattern that is opposite of the typical experience. 2. The growth of the slave population from 1810 to 1860 was: (a) Mainly due to the high profits earned through importing slaves from Africa. (b) Driven by a need for additional labor in wheat production. (c) Partly driven by high fertility rates among female slaves. (d) The slave population was getting smaller over the period. (c) The slave population grew steadily during this period despite a ban on importing slaves from Africa. The population growth resulted from the high birth rates of slaves living in the United States. 3. The majority of slaveholders in the United States: (a) Ran large cotton plantations. (b) Owned fewer than ten slaves. (c) Were located in the Midwest corn belt. (d) Ran large sugar plantations. (b) While the large plantation owners receive most of the attention in the study of slavery, the majority of slaveholders ran small family farms and owned only one or two slaves. 2 Final Exam 4. The Navigation Acts: (a) Were part of Jefferson’s embargo on trade with England and France. (b) Placed restrictions on colonial exports and shipping. (c) Benefited Western European consumers of American goods. (d) Ended the transatlantic slave trade. (b) The Navigation Acts were used by Britain to control the import and export of goods in the American colonies....
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final-111A-solutions - Ecn 111A Economic History of the...

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