19882586-Democracy-80-Questions-about-Democracy (1)

19882586-Democracy-80-Questions-about-Democracy (1) -...

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ARUN K. GUPTA J Democracy 80 Questions And Answers David Beetham Kevin Boyle Introduction by Nikhil Chakravarty Cartoons by R.K. Laxman
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ARUN K. GUPTA J This work was commissioned by UNESCO as part of its programme of education in democracy and human rights. It is appearing simultaneously in many languages. The designations employed and the presentation of material throughout this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the country, territory, city or areas of its authorities, or the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The authors are responsible for the choice and the presentation of the facts contained in this book and for the opinions expressed therein, which are not necessarily those of UNESCO and do not commit the Organization.
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ARUN K. GUPTA J U NIVERSAL DECLARATION OF H UMAN R IGHTS ARTICLE 21 1. Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives. 2. Everyone has the right of equal access to public service in his country. 3. The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures. Note: In the above Declaration ‘his’ is infected to include ‘his or her’, which is how it would be expressed today.
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ARUN K. GUPTA J Contents INTRODUCTION Basic concepts and Principals 1. What is democracy? 2. Why should we value democracy? 3. Where did the idea of democracy come from? 4. Can a representative system be really democratic? 5. What role do political parties play in a democracy? 6. Why are the media important to democracy? 7. Why are representative democracies called liberal democracies? 8. Is liberal democracy the only possible form of democracy? 9. Is a free-market economy necessary to democracy? 10. It decision by the majority always democratic? 11. Can an individual legitimately disobey the law in a democracy? 12. Is there any connection between nationalism and democracy? 13. Can any country attain democratic government? 14. Once achieved, how can democracy be maintained? 15. What are the chief components of a functioning democracy? Free and Fair Elections 16. Why are elections important? 17. Should the Head of State be popularly elected? 18. What other public offices should be popularity elected? 19. Should there be more than one elected chamber of parliament? 20. How frequently should elections take place? 21. Should anyone be excluded from the right to vote? 22. What should be the procedures for voter registration? 23. Should voting be compulsory? 24.
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19882586-Democracy-80-Questions-about-Democracy (1) -...

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