2Euro 1 - Yuriy Loukachev AP European History H.W. #1 Read...

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Yuriy Loukachev AP European History H.W. #1 Read Chapter 23. 1. What was the purpose and objectives of the Congress of Vienna? What were some changes as result of the Congress of Vienna? The fundamental purpose of the Congress of Vienna was to settle issues remaining after the defeat of Napoleonic France. The whole ordeal generated a whole new concept of balance of powers aimed at preventing future imperialism and revolutions, especially as in the case of France. The Congress of Vienna would redraw the continent’s political map. As a result, major changes occurred under this congress. A compromise has been achieved by Russia and Prussia which has prevented another war in Europe. Russia therefore decided to accept a small Polish kingdom, and Prussia took a part of Saxony. Other changes have been achieved as the unification of Belgium and Holland under the Dutch monarchy in order to provide a more effective opposition to France and Germany’s number of states being consolidated from 300 to 39, henceforth under the control of Prussia and Austria. 2. Why were the victorious nations lenient towards France after the Napoleonic Wars? France was no longer considered a threat and therefore didn’t need to be treated like one. Other and more important international questions and dilemmas were on the mind of the monarchs. The nations did not want to foment a spirit of injustice and revenge in the defeated country, longing simply for peace and reassurance that such destruction would not occur again. 3. What is liberalism or “classical liberalism”? How does 19th century liberalism differ from The principal ideas of classical liberalism were those of liberty and equality – a representative government and equality before the law. These demands were also met with a demand for specific individual freedom, such as the press, speech and assembly. 19th century liberalism encompasses beliefs in economic liberalism and laissez-faire economics. In addition to this, early 19 th century liberalists believed that the right to vote should be attached only to the wealthy aristocrats and successful members of the society. The proletariat’s misery was that of their own fault, the result of their breeding like rabbits. In this sense liberalism of the later centuries differs
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2010 for the course EUROPEAN H 24134143 taught by Professor Dsfsdfds during the Spring '10 term at Cal Poly Pomona.

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2Euro 1 - Yuriy Loukachev AP European History H.W. #1 Read...

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